calling IO Operations from thread in ruby c extension will cause ruby to hang


I have a problem with using threads in a C Extension to run ruby code async.

I have the following C code:

struct DATA { VALUE callback; pthread_t watchThread; void *ptr; }; void *executer(void *ptr) { struct DATA *data = (struct DATA *) ptr; char oldVal[20] = "1"; char newVal[20] = "1"; pthread_cleanup_push(&threadGarbageCollector, data); while(1) { if(triggerReceived) { rb_funcall(data->callback, rb_intern("call"), 0); } } pthread_cleanup_pop(1); return NULL; } VALUE spawn_thread(VALUE self) { VALUE block; struct DATA *data; Data_Get_Struct(self, struct DATA, data); block = rb_block_proc(); data->callback = block; pthread_create(&data->watchThread, NULL, &executer, data); return self; }

I am using this because I want to provide ruby-code as a callback, which will be executed, once the Thread receives a signal.

In general this is working fine, if the callback is something like this ruby-code:

1 + 1

But, if the callbacks ruby-code looks like this:

puts "test"

than the main ruby process will stop responding, once the callback is getting executed. The thread is still running and able to react to signals and puts the "test" everytime, the thread receives a message.

Can somebody maybe tell me, how to fix this?

Thanks a lot


<a href="https://docs.ruby-lang.org/en/trunk/extension_rdoc.html#label-Threading" rel="nofollow">From the Ruby C API docs</a>:


As of Ruby 1.9, Ruby supports native 1:1 threading with one kernel thread per Ruby Thread object. Currently, there is a GVL (Global VM Lock) which prevents simultaneous execution of Ruby code which may be released by the rb_thread_call_without_gvl and rb_thread_call_without_gvl2 functions. These functions are tricky-to-use and documented in thread.c; do not use them before reading comments in thread.c.


TLDR; the Ruby VM is not currently (at the time of writing) thread safe. Check out <a href="https://silverhammermba.github.io/emberb/c/#threading" rel="nofollow">this nice write-up on Ruby Threading</a> for a better overall understanding of how to work within these confines.

You can use Ruby's <a href="https://github.com/ruby/ruby/blob/ruby_2_5/thread_pthread.c#L986" rel="nofollow">native_thread_create(rb_thread_t *th)</a> which will use pthread_create behind the scenes. There are some drawbacks that you can read about in the documentation above the method definition. You can then run your callback with Ruby's <a href="https://github.com/ruby/ruby/blob/ruby_2_5/thread.c#L1531" rel="nofollow">rb_thread_call_with_gvl</a> method. Also, I haven't done it here, but it might be a good idea to create a wrapper method so you can use rb_protect to handle exceptions your callback may raise (otherwise they will be swallowed by the VM).

VALUE execute_callback(VALUE callback) { return rb_funcall(callback, rb_intern("call"), 0); } // execute your callback when the thread receives signal rb_thread_call_with_gvl(execute_callback, data->callback);


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