One class instance used automatically throughout process


The python logging module once imported and instantiated will be so across the process, inside all modules and threads. How did they achieve that effect?



import logging import mylib def main(): logging.basicConfig(filename='myapp.log', level=logging.INFO) logging.info('Started') mylib.do_something() logging.info('Finished') if __name__ == '__main__': main()


import logging def do_something(): logging.info('Doing something')


INFO:root:Started INFO:root:Doing something INFO:root:Finished


When a module is imported for the first time, the loaded module object is put into sys.modules. Later imports will then find the module object and not reload the module.

The logging module has a bunch of module attributes which hold the state of logging configuration after the first import.


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