20077

How does JSP process concurrent requests?

Question:

I guess my question is, a JSP is compiled into a single servlet instance that serve multiple requests. How do I make it threadsafe?

Answer1:

Servlets are meant to be immutable. Either no state exists outside of method calls (the servlet is stateless), or any such state will never change (so the state that each thread sees is always the same).

It's extremely simple to write a threadsafe servlet: <strong>never</strong> use instance variables. Use method-local variables.

Answer2:

Try this: <%@ page isThreadSafe="true" %>

Answer3:

Just don't assign request/session specific data as global/static variables. So as long as you don't use <em>scriptlet</em> declarations <%! %> which you assign with request/session specific data and you don't put request/session data in application scope (i.e. as attribute of ServletContext), then you're safe.

<h3>See also:</h3> <ul><li><a href="https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3177733/how-to-avoid-java-code-in-jsp-files" rel="nofollow">How to avoid Java code in JSP?</a></li> <li><a href="https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3106452/java-servlet-instantiation-and-session-variables" rel="nofollow">Servlet instantiation, session variables and threadsafety</a></li> </ul>

Answer4:

JSPs are compiled into servlets. All JSP variables are method local (stack) variables hence they are thread safe.

If you directly add a thread-unsafe attribute to a servlet class, it will cease to be thread safe.

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