Using javascript to get server information


I'm trying to rewrite a snipped of PHP into JavaScript, ideally passing as few as possible variables between the two. Are there any super-global variables in JavaScript that give similar information to the PHP $_SERVER array?

In JavaScript, location seems to give me a bit of useful information but what about something like the PHP equivalent of $_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER']? I also have jQuery as a resource.


window.location can be read or set and comes with properties such as .pathname, .search, .protocol, et cetera -- each of which will provide that particular aspect of the URL as a read-only value.

document.referrer will provide the referring URL as a string. If you want the domain/path/query/et cetera to be separated from one another, you will need to do that yourself, or use a library which will provide it.

document.cookie will provide you a semicolon-delimited list of user/server-set cookies. Again, turning that into an array or an object is on your own shoulders.<br /> Your cookie string also has no access to expiration-times, nor applicable paths the particular cookie is set for -- security.

For most of the rest of the data, you're going to have to talk to the server -- the browser likes to keep client-side script in the dark about things (like the user's IP, or session-variables, or anything else which can be turned into a security-risk).


This will get you the referrer -


But I think you are looking at this in the wrong way - JavaScript and jQuery are run client side - if you want server variables accessible - you'll have to pass them to the script - possible by means of an AJAX call. You say that you have jQuery available - so you can use the <a href="http://api.jquery.com/jQuery.ajax/" rel="nofollow">.ajax() function</a> to retrieve all the server data you'll need.


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