Heatmap with customized color scale bar for values below and above thresholds


I would like to make an heatmap in R using pheatmap with the colors green, black and red and using a range in the legend from -2 to 2, here is the code that I used:

library(pheatmap) my_palette <- colorRampPalette(c("green", "black", "red"))(n = 201) colors = c(seq(as.numeric(-2),-0.01,length=100), 0, seq(0.01,as.numeric(2),length=100)) pheatmap(mFilt_annot_sort_matrix, color = my_palette, breaks = colors, scale = "none", cluster_rows = F, cluster_cols = F, margin = c(5,5))

The problem is that I would like the values less than -2 in green an greater than 2 in red while with my solution these values are white, could you help me?


You need to set the break-point to be at -2 and +2 and make a gradient in between. You also need to set the color for less than minimum and greater than maximum desired values. Look below;

library(pheatmap) colors <- c(min(mFilt_annot_sort_matrix),seq(-2,2,by=0.01),max(mFilt_annot_sort_matrix)) my_palette <- c("green",colorRampPalette(colors = c("green", "black", "red")) (n = length(colors)-3), "red") pheatmap(mFilt_annot_sort_matrix, color = my_palette, breaks = colors, scale = "none", cluster_rows = F, cluster_cols = F, margin = c(5,5))

Example using a normal data;

Using <strong><em><a href="https://gist.github.com/tomhopper/19f07fc96db8d149b24f" rel="nofollow">rnorm.within</a></em></strong> function I make the following data-set:

#V1 is random between -4 and 4 #V2 is less than -2 #V3 is greater than 2 df <- data.frame(cbind(rnorm.within(1000, -4, 4) ,rnorm.within(1000,-4,-3), rnorm.within(1000,3,4)))

and applying the procedure above (same breaks and color pallet) for making a heatmap will get:

pheatmap(df, color = my_palette, breaks = colors, scale = "none", cluster_rows = F, cluster_cols = F, margin = c(5,5)) <img class="b-lazy" data-src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/BlWkc.png" data-original="https://i.stack.imgur.com/BlWkc.png" src="https://etrip.eimg.top/images/2019/05/07/timg.gif" />


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