Error in inserting a string parameter to a cypher query in a java code


I want to insert a string parameter to a cypher query in Java. Below is the code I used and I have a person node named 'piyumi' and I want to make relationship with an activity node. The name of the activity node is 'walking'. When I execute the code I get http status code 400. Can anyone help me to modify the cypher query so that I can insert the string variable s without error.

import com.sun.jersey.api.client.Client; import com.sun.jersey.api.client.ClientResponse; import com.sun.jersey.api.client.WebResource; import com.sun.jersey.api.client.filter.HTTPBasicAuthFilter; import org.codehaus.jettison.json.JSONException; import org.codehaus.jettison.json.JSONObject; import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType; public class NeoAPIClass { private final String baseUri = "http://localhost:7474/db/data/cypher"; private final String user = "neo4j"; private final String password = "12345"; public static void main(String args[]) throws JSONException { NeoAPIClass n=new NeoAPIClass(); n.runQuery(); } void runQuery() throws JSONException { Client client = Client.create(); client.addFilter(new HTTPBasicAuthFilter(user, password)); WebResource cypherResource = client.resource(baseUri); String s="walking"; JSONObject obj = new JSONObject(); obj.put("query", "Match(piyumi : Person{name:\"Piyumi\"}) create (piyumi)-[:doing{timestamp:4789}]->(n:activity) WHERE n.name=s"); String st = obj.toString(); ClientResponse cypherResponse = cypherResource.accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON) .type(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_TYPE).entity(st).post(ClientResponse.class); System.out.println("Output from Server .... "+ cypherResponse.getStatus()); } }


It is impossible to combine the create and where. You need first match person and activity, and then create a relationship.

And also recommend to simplify the transfer parameters in a separate part of the request (<a href="https://neo4j.com/docs/rest-docs/current/#rest-api-use-parameters" rel="nofollow">https://neo4j.com/docs/rest-docs/current/#rest-api-use-parameters</a>):

JSONObject request = new JSONObject(); JSONObject params = new JSONObject(); String query = "MATCH (P:Person { name:{personName} }) \n"; query = query + "MATCH (A:activity { name:{activityName} }) \n"; query = query + "CREATE (P)-[rel:doing { timestamp:{activityTimestamp} }]->(A) \n"; query = query + "RETURN P, A, rel"; request.put("query", query); params.put("personName", "Piyumi"); params.put("activityName", "walking"); params.put("activityTimestamp", 4789); request.put("params", params); ClientResponse cypherResponse = cypherResource.accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON) .type(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_TYPE) .entity(request.toString()) .post(ClientResponse.class); System.out.println("Response: " + cypherResponse.getEntity(String.class));


Your problem is that the cypher server can't see the variable s from your Java code. You need to pass a cypher query that has the String itself, rather than the name of a Java variable.

You could change the line with obj.put to this.

obj.put("query", "Match(piyumi : Person{name:\"Piyumi\"}) create (piyumi)-[:doing{timestamp:4789}]->(n:activity) WHERE n.name=\"" + s + "\"");


Problem occurs when you try to retrieve existing node. So, go to <a href="http://localhost:7474/browser/" rel="nofollow">http://localhost:7474/browser/</a> and execute below query,

MATCH (n:activity) WHERE n.name="walking" CREATE (piyumi:Person{name:"Piyumi"}) - [r1:doing{timestamp:4789}]-> (n)

If it works fine, then retrieve it. MATCH (piyumi:Person)-[r1:doing]->(n:activity) RETURN r1

So your query code should looks like this,

"MATCH (n:activity)\nWHERE n.name=\"walking\"\nCREATE (piyumi:Person{name:\"Piyumi\"}) - [r1:doing{timestamp:4789}]-> (n)"


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