future waits for execution on single-core machine


I have 2 machines with identical versions of Ubuntu (16.04), R (3.4.4) and the future package (1.10.0). I am running the code below, that implements asyncronous programming

tic() library(future) plan(multisession) mehAsync = function(){ future::future({ Sys.sleep(5) return('meh') }) } out = mehAsync() what = then(out,function(value){(value)}) toc()

The expected behaviour is that the execution will end almost instantly, leaving what to be a pending promise. In one machine this happens, the execution happens instantly. However in another machine I have, the execution waits for the mehAsync function to execute, finishing after 5 seconds.

As stated before, both machines are almost identical. The key difference between them is that the slower one is a single core machine. However based on my understanding, the multisession plan shouldn't require multiple cores. Just enough resources to open a new R session which the machine has.

The specific questions here are:

<ul><li>Is my understanding of the expected behaviour wrong and this is normal for a single core machine?</li> <li>What other factors that I am not taking into account could be effecting this behaviour?</li> <li>How can I debug this issue as there are no error/warning messages and can't be replicated by myself and other people in independent machines?</li> </ul>

Note: this question came up when trying to investigate <a href="https://stackoverflow.com/questions/52864035/asynchronous-shiny-programming-setting-up-a-basic-example" rel="nofollow">this other question</a>


The default options for the multisession plan sets the workers parameters to availableCores() in a single core machine. Which means if one does not override the parameters when using plan, the number of cores does matter.



solves this issue


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