d3.js, how can i create an axis with custom labels and customs ticks?


I have an array similar to this:

[{year: 1999, val: 5}, {year: 2002, val: 8}]

and I would like to add an axis where I have one tick for each year value (something I can do with tickValues and tickFormat) but where the tick label is not only the year but has a custom format, so the result could be something like "1999: 5" for the first array element.

To rephrase it:

Where I'm now

const xAxis = d3.axisTop(xScale) .tickValues(data.map(d => d.year);

This is not ok because only the year is visualized on the label of the tick and I would like to use a custom format.

Is this possible with d3?


You could try like this

const xAxis = d3.axisTop(xScale) .tickValues(data) .tickFormat(d => (d.year +":"+ d.val));


Since you didn't show the scale in your question we don't know what type of scale you have and what are the domain values. But one thing is sure: you cannot pass the whole object to it. Therefore, your tickFormat doesn't have access to one of the properties in each object.

A simple solution is using the index of the tick to get the other property, provided that you are displaying <strong>all</strong> the ticks (and that you are using an ordinal scale):

var axis = d3.axisBottom(scale) .tickFormat(function(d, i) { return d + ": " + data[i].val; });

Here is a demo:

<pre class="snippet-code-js lang-js prettyprint-override">var svg = d3.select("body") .append("svg") .attr("width", 500) .attr("height", 100); var data = [{ year: 1999, val: 5 }, { year: 2002, val: 8 }, { year: 2005, val: 1 }, { year: 2008, val: 4 }, { year: 2011, val: 9 }, { year: 2014, val: 2 }]; var scale = d3.scalePoint() .range([20, 480]) .domain(data.map(function(d) { return d.year })); var axis = d3.axisBottom(scale) .tickFormat(function(d, i) { return d + ": " + data[i].val; }); var gX = svg.append("g") .attr("transform", "translate(0,50)") .call(axis); <pre class="snippet-code-html lang-html prettyprint-override"><script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.min.js"></script>


What I have been able to do now:

d3.axisTop(xScale) .tickValues(data.map(d => d.year)) .tickFormat((d, i) => data[i].val);

Quite ugly but it works. If I get a better solution I will accept a different one.


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