I have a form that is going to allow a user to create custom "stamps" to place on a PDF. The form displays with a image of the first page of the pdf and I want the user to basically click on the screen where they want their stamp and be able to preview what its going to look like. Don't worry about any of the PDF stuff, I have that handled.
To make things snazzy, I have two copies of the image, the normal one and one with reduced brightness. I display the low brightness image and as the user moves the mouse over, a chunk of the original image is revealed or highlighted. I then display in that area the text the user is going to put on the PDF.
I allow the user to use the mousewheel to scroll and change the angle of the text they are placing (from -45 degrees to +45 degrees).
Here is my problem: I can't calculate the proper rectangles/coordinates. Sometimes everything looks great, other times (as font sizes change) they don't quite fit.
How do I calculate the x and y coordinates for: placement of the rotated text AND a bounding rectangle padding the text at its width and height with 10px
The code below works, until I start to crank up the font size, then everything gets out of skew.
First two images show text + bounding rectangle at smaller fonts. It looks good:
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/GvGOc.png" alt="enter image description here"> <img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/QPEaQ.png" alt="enter image description here">
The next image shows that as the text size gets larger, my pixels are moving all around and gets chopped off. In even larger text, the widths/heights end being way off as well.
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/BEQvl.png" alt="enter image description here"> <img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/o31Rg.png" alt="enter image description here">
Sorry the example images don't show much detail. I have actual data that I can't share.
Private Sub PanelMouseMove(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) '// handles the mouse move (handler added elsehwere) With CType(sender, PictureBox) .Image.Dispose() '// get rid of old image Dim b As Bitmap = _curGray.Clone '// the low brightness image as the base image '// stamp font and text values are initiated from another form Using g As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(b), f As New Font(DefaultFont.FontFamily, CSng(_stmpTools.StampTextSize), If(_stmpTools.StampBold, FontStyle.Bold, FontStyle.Regular)) Const borderWidth As Integer = 10 Const borderPadding As Integer = 5 '// measure the string Dim szx As SizeF = g.MeasureString(_stmpTools.StampText, f, Integer.MaxValue, StringFormat.GenericDefault) Dim strLength As Single = szx.Width Dim strHeight As Single = szx.Height Dim x As Single = e.X - borderWidth - borderPadding, y As Single = e.Y Dim w As Double, h As Double If Math.Abs(_angle) > Double.Epsilon Then h = CDbl(strLength) * Math.Sin(CDbl(Math.Abs(_angle)) * Math.PI / 180.0F) w = Math.Sqrt(CDbl(strLength) * CDbl(strLength) - h * h) Else '// its zero. so use calculated values h = strHeight w = strLength End If '// add space for the 10px border plus 5px of padding Dim r As New Rectangle(0, 0, w, h) r.Inflate(borderWidth + borderPadding, borderWidth + borderPadding) h = r.Height w = r.Width '// keep box from moving off the left If x < .Location.X Then x = .Location.X End If '// keep box from moving off the right If x > .Location.X + .Width - w Then x = .Location.X + .Width - w End If '// I don't know, but these values work for most smaller fonts, but '// it has got to be a fluke If _angle > 0 Then y = y - h + borderWidth + borderWidth Else y = y - borderWidth End If '// can't go off the top If y < .Location.Y Then y = .Location.Y End If '// can't go off the bottom If y > .Location.Y + .Height - h Then y = .Location.Y + .Height - h End If Dim rect As New Rectangle(x, y, w, h) g.DrawImage(_curImg, rect, rect, GraphicsUnit.Pixel) Using br As New SolidBrush(_stmpTools.StampTextColor) RotateString(_stmpTools.StampText, _angle, e.X, e.Y, f, g, br) End Using '//draw bounding rectangle Using p As New Pen(Color.Black, borderWidth) g.DrawRectangle(p, rect) End Using End Using '// set the picture box to show the new image .Image = b End With End Sub Private Sub RotateString(ByVal Text As String, ByVal angle As Integer, _ ByVal x As Integer, ByVal y As Integer, myfont As Font, mydrawing As Graphics, myColor As Brush) Dim myMatrix As New Matrix myMatrix.RotateAt(angle * -1, New Point(x, y)) 'Rotate drawing mydrawing.Transform = myMatrix mydrawing.DrawString(Text, myFont, myColor, x, y) 'Draw the text string myMatrix.RotateAt(angle, New Point(x, y)) 'Rotate back mydrawing.Transform = myMatrix End Sub
I'm not the greatest when it comes to drawing. So any help would be great
Using the solution below from @LarsTech. I replaced the g.FillRectangle with:
g.DrawImage(_curImg, r, r, GraphicsUnit.Pixel)
_curImg is a copy of the original image with the brightness tuned up. When I change the code from below I end up with:
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/1tnln.png" alt="enter image description here"> Note the double lines. They rotate with the stamp, even though they are acting as a background image and should be unrotated
Per suggestion, I changed the DrawStamp from @LarsTech to the following:
Private Sub DrawStamp(g As Graphics, text As String, f As Font, center As Point, angle As Integer, backImg As Image) Dim s As Size = g.MeasureString(text, f).ToSize Dim r As New Rectangle(center.X - (s.Width / 2) - 16, center.Y - (s.Height / 2) - 16, s.Width + 32, s.Height + 32) g.DrawImage(backImg, r, r, GraphicsUnit.Pixel) Using m As New Matrix m.RotateAt(angle, center) g.Transform = m Using p As New Pen(Color.Black, 6) g.DrawRectangle(p, r) End Using Using sf As New StringFormat sf.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center g.DrawString(text, f, Brushes.Black, r, sf) End Using g.ResetTransform() End Using End Sub
However, I am now left with <img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/oCj8q.png" alt="enter image description here">
Notice it drew the background, then did the rotation and drew the stamp. It ALMOST works. In this example the straight lines show the intended behavior... however i'm looking to fill the entire stamp with the background. That extra white on the sides would have been what was rotated into the stamp's background. I'm confused because the 'grey' portions I would then suspect to be clipping out parts of the image, but they aren't (if i move it over other areas that I unfortunately can't post on here) notice is out of skew except for the fact that the sides of the rectangle paint as such.
<strong>Another Edit with hopefully some more info</strong>
Here is hopefully a better explaination of what I am trying to do. I use a third party PDF viewer and I need to allow the user to add an image to the PDF. The viewer doesn't allow me to raise click events on it, so in order to grab user mouse clicks, I do the following:<ol> <li>Take a screen grab of form</li> <li>Hide the PDF Viewer</li> <li>Add a PictureBox control to my form, replacing the area where the PDF viewer was</li> <li>With my screen grab, I make a copy of the image with the brightness reduced</li> <li>Display the gray scale copy of the image and draw directly on the image using mouse over events on the picturebox</li> <li>I draw a stamp on the picturebox, but want the background of it to be the original (non adjusted brightness image). However, since the area might be transformed using a rotation, I can't grab the background image. If no angle is provided, the source rectangle matches. However if its rotated, I cannot grab the same rotated rectangle off the source image.</li> </ol>
Button Click Event:
Dim bds As Rectangle = AxDPVActiveX1.Bounds Dim pt As Point = AxDPVActiveX1.PointToScreen(bds.Location) Using bit As Bitmap = New Bitmap(bds.Width, bds.Height) Using g As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(bit) g.CopyFromScreen(New Point(pt.X - AxDPVActiveX1.Location.X, pt.Y - AxDPVActiveX1.Location.Y), Point.Empty, bds.Size) End Using _angle = 0 _curImg = bit.Clone _curGray = Utils.CopyImageAndAdjustBrightness(bit, -100) End Using Dim p As New PictureBox Utils.SetControlDoubleBuffered(p) p.Dock = DockStyle.Fill p.BackColor = Color.Transparent AxDPVActiveX1.Visible = False p.Image = _curImg.Clone AddHandler p.MouseClick, AddressOf PanelDownMouse AddHandler p.MouseMove, AddressOf PanelMouseMove AddHandler p.MouseWheel, Sub(s As Object, ee As MouseEventArgs) _angle = Math.Max(Math.Min(_angle + (ee.Delta / 30), 45), -45) PanelMouseMove(s, ee) End Sub AddHandler p.MouseEnter, Sub(s As Object, ee As EventArgs) CType(s, Control).Focus() End Sub AxDPVActiveX1.Parent.Controls.Add(p)
After that code I end up with two images. _curgray is an image with adjusted brightness, and _curImg is my original screen grab.
_curGray: <img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/cnCwN.png" alt="enter image description here"> _curImg: <img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/7AChZ.png" alt="enter image description here">
mouseMove move event is applied to my new picture box. This is where all the code from earlier in the question comes into play.
Using the code above, my mouseMove event keeps creating a new imageto display in my picture box. If there is no rotation involved, I get pretty much what I'm looking for. Notice in the below image how the background of the stamp is brighter than everything. The portion over the blue square is slightly lighter. I am using this a way to draw the viewers eye to this area... its important for what I'm doing.
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/AyWSt.png" alt="enter image description here">
However, when applying a rotation to it, I cannot seem to copy from the original image. Look at the following image, the backgroundisn't rotating with it. I need to grab a rotated rectangle from the ORIGINAL image.
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/ewyLo.png" alt="enter image description here">
Public Sub DrawImage ( _ image As Image, _ destRect As Rectangle, _ srcRect As Rectangle, _ srcUnit As GraphicsUnit _ )
where I can specify copy this source rectangle from my source image (in this case _curImg) and place onto my new drawing. It does not allow me to apply a transformation to the source rectangle. Basically I want to copy from my source image an area equivalent to the rotated rectangle (based on the transformation from @larstech )
I don't know how to express this concept any clearer. If it still doesn't make sense I will just accept LarsTech answer as the best answer and scrap my idea.
I would try drawing the rectangle and the text together:
Private Sub DrawStamp(g As Graphics, text As String, f As Font, center As Point, angle As Integer) Using m As New Matrix g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias g.TextRenderingHint = TextRenderingHint.AntiAlias m.RotateAt(angle, center) g.Transform = m Dim s As Size = g.MeasureString(text, f).ToSize Dim r As New Rectangle(center.X - (s.Width / 2) - 16, center.Y - (s.Height / 2) - 16, s.Width + 32, s.Height + 32) g.FillRectangle(Brushes.White, r) Using p As New Pen(Color.Black, 6) g.DrawRectangle(p, r) End Using Using sf As New StringFormat sf.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center g.DrawString(text, f, Brushes.Black, r, sf) End Using g.ResetTransform() End Using End Sub
The paint example:
Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(e As PaintEventArgs) MyBase.OnPaint(e) e.Graphics.Clear(Color.LightGray) Using f As New Font("Calibri", 16, FontStyle.Bold) DrawStamp(e.Graphics, "Reviewed By Doctor Papa", f, New Point(Me.ClientSize.Width / 2, Me.ClientSize.Height / 2), -25) End Using End Sub
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/wOMDE.png" alt="enter image description here">
Here I updated the code to "clip" the rotated rectangle so that I can copy that same area from the original image before applying the text and border:
Private Sub DrawStamp(g As Graphics, text As String, f As Font, center As Point, angle As Integer) Dim s As Size = g.MeasureString(text, f).ToSize Dim r As New Rectangle(center.X - (s.Width / 2) - 16, center.Y - (s.Height / 2) - 16, s.Width + 32, s.Height + 32) Using bmp As New Bitmap(_curImg.Width, _curImg.Height) Using gx As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(bmp) Using m As New Matrix m.RotateAt(angle, center) gx.Transform = m gx.SetClip(r) gx.ResetTransform() End Using gx.DrawImage(_curImg, Point.Empty) End Using g.DrawImage(bmp, Point.Empty) End Using Using m As New Matrix g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias g.TextRenderingHint = TextRenderingHint.AntiAlias m.RotateAt(angle, center) g.Transform = m Using p As New Pen(Color.Black, 6) g.DrawRectangle(p, r) End Using Using sf As New StringFormat sf.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center g.DrawString(text, f, Brushes.Black, r, sf) End Using g.ResetTransform() End Using End Sub
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/Qzw2J.png" alt="enter image description here">
It's just trigonometry:
<img src="https://i.stack.imgur.com/jN8JM.png" alt="enter image description here">
c because you know how wide the original text is, and you know
h because you know the height of your text. You also need to know alpha, it's the angle that you rotated your text.
Now you need to work the power of math: First take the small rectangles at the end. In the bottom left you can see, that the angle right of the x is actually 180°-90°-alpha, or 90°-alpha. So alpha is also found on the opposite site. So you can find x:
x = h * sin(alpha)
The same goes for y, but it's either sin(90°-alpha), or cos(alpha)
y = h * cos(alpha)
Next you need to find a and b to complete the rectangle. The large triangle gives you
a = w * cos(alpha)
b = w * sin(alpha)
Then just add the parts together:
NewWidth = a + x
NewHeight = b + y
That way you get the size of the bounding box. As for the coordinates, it depends on which point is actually defined when you print the rotated text.