Work with keys in redis

I am a new in Redis and key-value database. Could you advise me about correct realization this relational approach in redis.

I have relational table with two key to one value:

-master_id; -slave_id; -value.


master_id | slave_id | value

1 | 1 | val1

2 | 1 | val2

Usually access to values is done by master_id field, but sometimes it is necessary make selection (or deleting) by slave_id field. Thus we can obtain a single value by two fields (master_id or slave_id). In redis, as I understand every single key mean one value. What the best way to perform this, without duplication of value? NOTE: value field must be a SET or list type.

In redis we have:

1:1 val1 2:1 val2

And I can make access to value only by a full key 1:1 or 2:1. I can't make something like this DEL * :1 (delete all keys where second part equal 1) or GET 1: * (get all keys where first part of keys equal 1)


To avoid duplication of values, you can use plain key/value pairs like this:


    master_id : value

    </li> <li>

    slave_id : master_id

    </li> </ul>

    This has the drawback that you have to query twice the server to get/delete/modify a value by slave_id. (You first query for the slave_id, the server responds with the master_id if any and then you query master_id to do stuff with the value associated). This will not be an issue as soon as LUA scripting arrives, though.


    In the example, I do not understand if the primary key is just master_id or (master_id,slave_id). I assume the latter.

    It is usually pointless to try to map relational concepts to key/value stores. Redis is a data structure server, so you need to think in term of data structure and access path. You want to:

      <li>store the values once</li> <li>be able to access the values from the master_id field</li> <li>be able to access the values from the slave_id field</li> </ul>

      You need:

        <li>a numeric key which will identify the values</li> <li>a set per master_id to index the corresponding values</li> <li>a set per slave_id to index the corresponding values</li> </ul>


        SET value:1001 val1 SET value:1002 val2 SADD master:1 1001 SADD master:2 1002 SADD slave:1 1001 1002

        To retrieve the values corresponding to a given master id:

        SMEMBERS master:id MGET <result of the previous command with a value: prefix>

        To retrieve the values corresponding to a given slave id:

        SMEMBERS slave:id MGET <result of the previous command with a value: prefix>

        To retrieve the values corresponding to master id1 and slave id2:

        SINTER master:id1 slave:id2 MGET <result of the previous command with a value: prefix>

        It can be further optimized to reduce the number of roundtrips by using the SORT command. See an example in this answer.

        Of course, if master_id is actually the primary key, then it can be simplified since there is no need to introduce an additional key to identify the values.


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